Mind and the world order pdf
Clarence Irving Lewis (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)Clarence Irving C. Lewis was perhaps the most important American academic philosopher active in the s and s. He made major contributions in epistemology and logic, and, to a lesser degree, ethics. Lewis was also a key figure in the rise of analytic philosophy in the United States, both through the development and influence of his own writings and through his influence, direct and indirect, on graduate students at Harvard, including some of the leading analytic philosophers of the last half of the 20 th century. He was an undergraduate at Harvard from —, where he was influenced principally by the pragmatist, William James, and the idealist, Josiah Royce.
Clarence Irving Lewis (1883—1964)
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Mind And The World Order Outline Of A Theory Of Knowledge by Clarence Irving Lewis.
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A major American pragmatist educated at Harvard, C. Lewis taught at the University of California from to and at Harvard from until his retirement in Known as the father of modern modal logic and as a proponent of the given in epistemology, he also was an influential figure in value theory and ethics. They admit of alternatives and the choice among them rests on pragmatic considerations pertaining to cognitive success. He showed that there are many alternative systems of logic, each self-evident in its own way, a fact which undermines the traditional rationalistic view of metaphysical first principles as being logically undeniable. As a result, he concluded that the choice of first principles and of deductive systems must be grounded in extra-logical or pragmatic considerations. Lewis's philosophy as a whole reveals a systematic unity in which logic, epistemology, value theory and ethics all take their place as forms of rational conduct in its broadest sense of self-directed agency.